With two – third of the earth’s surface covered by water and being one of the most essential component of life, water plays a very important role in the society. Keeping in view the same, the government of Punjab has been conducive towards the dire need of the residents to have purified water consumption, which is clearly evident by its initiative of installation of Reverse Osmosis in both the urban as well as the rural areas of the state.
Reverse Osmosis is a process in which a solvent passes through a porous membrane in the direction opposite to that for natural osmosis when subjected to a hydrostatic pressure greater than the osmotic pressure. In simple words, Reverse Osmosis purification systems are used for filtering the dissolved minerals and other contaminants of water.
The Reverse Osmosis Plants are being installed in the rural areas of Punjab, where dissolved solids (TDS), uranium, fluoride and hardness of water was found to be beyond the permissible limits. The installation of reverse osmosis plants is catering to the needs of the people living in rural areas, with the provision of clean and treated water for cooking and drinking purposes.
The Shiromani Akali Dal – BJP led state government had installed approximately 1811 reverse osmosis plants during March 2009 – December 2012 in about 16 districts of the Punjab state under various projects such as the Punjab Nirman Programme, additional central assistance of Rs25 crore, and the Punjab Infrastructure Development Board (PIDB). Punjab being a state where about 327 villages were identified to have total dissolved solids (TDS) in the ground water more than the prescribed desired limit of 500 particles per million (PPM), The Punjab Infrastructure Development Board (PIDB) approved the installation of reverse osmosis plants in about 573 villages in Punjab, back in the year 2013.
The initiative was accomplished with the installation of 1508 reverse osmosis plants at a cost of Rs 188.59 crore, in the rural areas of the state some of which include 271 RO plants in Bathinda, 39 in Ludhiana, 178 in Firozpur, 186 in Moga, 66 in Tarn Taran, 293 in Fazlika, 13 in Kapurthala, 13 in Barnala, 2 in Fatehgarh Sahib and installation of 72 reverse osmosis plants at Sangrur.
Punjab government’s Higher Education, Water Supply & Sanitation Minister, Surjit Singh Rakhra while exclaiming about the augmenting education sector of the state, appreciated the responsive government of Punjab for the efficient provisions of potable drinking water and toilets to all households in the state. He further expressed his gratitude on the installation of reverse osmosis systems in the villages and also appealed to the panchayat’s and people that they should consume only reverse osmosis (RO) system water because it is very clean and hygienic.
Needless to say, the expenditure incurred by the state government for the installation of reverse osmosis plants in the rural areas is definitely a productive investment in terms of good health of the people living in the rural areas.