Punjab being an Agrarian state, where 75 percent of the population is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture for earning a living, has been the apex state for cattle markets in the region. Cattle markets of Punjab, have been contributing in large numbers to the economic growth and Gross Development Product (GDP) of the state. It plays an indispensable role in the global food system and the development and sustainability of the rural sectors, in the Punjab state. An augmenting demand of dairy products, is witnessed across the globe owing to which the cattle industry in Punjab is progressing intensively.
The pioneer organization, Progressive Dairy Farmers Association is working for the overall development of the dairy farmers. Under the guidance and technical support of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana the Association was established in 1972. PDFA has been proactive in publishing technical books on dairy farming and animal nutrition along with, Dairy Sandesh which is a magazine which provides in depth information regarding necessary information for dairy farming.
The main breeds of cattle markets include –
- Indigenous dairy breeds of cattle such as Gir, Red Sindhi and Sahiwal.
- Indigenous draught breeds of cattle such as Hallikar, Amritmahal, Khillari, Kangayam, Bargur, Umblachery, Pulikulam and Alambadi.
- Indigenous dual purpose breeds of cattle such as Tharparkar, Hariana, , Kankrej , Ongole, Krishna Valley and Deoni.
- Exotic dairy breeds of cattle such as Jersey, Holstein Friesian (HF) , Brown Swiss, Red Dane, Ayrshire and Guemsey.
- Cross bred dairy cattle such as Jersey Cross and Holstein Friesian cross.
- Indigenous buffalo breeds such as Murrah, Surti, Jaffrabadi, Bhadawari, NiliRavi, Mehsana, Nagpuri and Toda.
Keeping in view, the high yielding capacity of the Holstein Friesian (HF) cross bred cows, the state has more than 25 lakh cross bred cows which is the highest in the country. The Holstein Friesian cross bred cows yield up to 10,000 liters of milk in a 10-month lactation period. Although the milk yield in Holstein Friesian cows is higher, their fat per cent is less. So, owing to the same the Holstein Friesian cross bred cows dominate the major numbers in the cattle market of the state.
The most efficiently operating cattle market of the Punjab state, is located in Khanna near the steel hub of Mandi Gobindgarh, Fatehgarh Sahib. In contrast to which, the Khurana Dairy farm has been an effective supplier and breeder of a wide range of high breed livestock, availability of healthy animals, in depth market association and competitive pricing. Needless to say, the cattle industry of the Punjab state has been paving its way from a traditional and conventional industry to a revolutionized and modern industry.